Every year on 1 December in accordance with the decision of the world health organization (who) and the decision of the UN General Assembly, adopted in 1988, is the world day against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (World AIDS Day). This day is the first World day of fight against any illness, and today related activities are conducted in more than 190 countries.
Despite the progress made in the fight against HIV / AIDS is huge, this disease remains one of the biggest threats in the field of health.
World day of AIDS this year will be held under the motto «Strive for zero»: zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths.
The international community is trying to ensure that every child is born without HIV and that those who are already HIV-positive, had access to best practice treatment and care. The ultimate goal is to develop a vaccine that prevents HIV (HIV).
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a type of «retroviruses» that attack and weaken the immune system. HIV attacks CD4 cells, which are essential to the immune system to protect against bacteria and viruses, to protect the body from serious infections. One person living with HIV may get AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) when the CD4 count is below a certain level, thereby developing one or more diseases resulting from weakened immune systems. Died of AIDS and 40 million people worldwide, becoming one of the most common causes of death from disease in human history.
In recent years there has been tremendous progress in understanding the virus and the development of methods of treatment that have transformed HIV into a chronic but not deadly disease. Currently available for about 30 different drugs to combat HIV. The life of AIDS patients and HIV carriers can be normalized due to 1-2 pills per day, but this requires timely diagnosis.
In 2014 were living with HIV at 36.9 million people. The number of people living with HIV continues to grow largely due to the fact that more and more people in the world have access to antiretroviral therapy, and consequently live a longer, healthier life. As of June 2015, to 15.8 million people received treatment. At the same time, despite the fact that the number of new HIV infections has decreased annually is still unacceptably high number of new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths. In 2014, about 2 million people were newly infected with HIV, and 1.2 million died from diseases associated with AIDS. The majority of people living with HIV live in Africa South of the Sahara, where the virus infected 20% of the adult population. It is expected that 1.8 million of them will die this year.
The Israeli Ministry of health has also published data on HIV carriers in Israel. From 1981 to 2014 have been diagnosed just 8449 carriers of human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS (6915 – HIV infected patients and 1534). 947 people died. In 2014 became aware of 468 new cases of HIV-infected or AIDS patients. In Israel recorded one of the lowest in the West, the level of Contracting AIDS: of 56.4 cases per million. 632 AIDS — immigrants, of whom 340 died. The highest percentage of patients among men who have sex with men. Of 308 patients in this category died 213. In second place is drug. Of the 236 patients in this group died 161. 60 patients were infected with the infusion of donor blood. 56 of them died. 21 people (men and women) were infected through unprotected sexual contact with AIDS patients. In this category one hundred percent mortality.
As carriers of the virus, 6915 HIV-infected in 2014, 2449 were infected abroad: 1711 of them are gay, 915 – use drugs. In 1995 from AIDS in Israel died 72 people, in 2014 – 45 people.
You should pay attention to the fact that in the Eastern European region, according to who, the epidemic of HIV infection is the most rapid in the world. At the time, how in the world the number of new HIV infections is decreasing, Eastern Europe and Central Asia the number of people living with HIV has tripled since 2000 and the number of new HIV infections continues to grow. HIV infection remains a major public health problem in the region where in 2009 there were an estimated 2.2 million people living with HIV. Of these, 1.4 million in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In the European region the tuberculosis and hepatitis C are the leading causes of death among people living with HIV, especially given the fact that many infected also, there is drug addiction.
First world day against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was noted December 1, 1988 after at a meeting of Ministers of health of countries called for social tolerance and greater exchange of information on HIV/AIDS (HIV/AIDS). The date was set in order to draw the world’s attention on the spread of HIV infection, which has the scale of a global pandemic, spreading worldwide.
In 1996, the UN initiated the creation of the joint United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS), who joined as sponsors of this joint project of six (currently 11) world of organizations.
In 2010, UNAIDS announced the creation of a high level Commission to prevent the spread of the HIV virus. Each year the world day of fight against AIDS is held under various mottos that reflect the currently pressing problems. In 2011 the theme for world day against AIDS was named the theme «towards zero — zero new infections, zero discrimination and zero deaths related to AIDS. Held under the auspices of the UN campaign «towards zero» campaign continues in 2015. And more and more countries get on the path of accelerating action to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
The number of new HIV infections decreased by 35% (58% among children) since 2000, and AIDS-related deaths decreased by 42% compared with the peak level in 2004. Global HIV response has helped to prevent 30 million new HIV infections and about 7.8 million AIDS-related deaths since 2000.
Just 15 years ago providing access to antiretroviral therapy for 15.8 million people it seemed an impossible task. In 2000, less than 1% of people living with HIV in low-and middle-income countries had access to treatment. But in 2014 the global coverage of antiretroviral therapy was 40%. But HIV continues to throw harsh light on the inequalities in the world. AIDS is not over
To date, 15 million HIV-infected people benefit from professional medical care. Compared with figures for 2000, the number of deaths due to AIDS decreased by 35%, compared with 2004, which was the peak mortality by 42%.
International symbol of AIDS is red ribbon — a piece of silk ribbon, folded in a special way. This emblem was created in April 1991 American artist Frank Moore, who died of AIDS in 2002 at the age of 48. No one event in the field of AIDS today can not do without the «red ribbon», which is used as the logo and the who, and UN agencies, and various charities.
In the UNAIDS Strategy «getting to zero» 2011-2015 stresses the importance of coordinated actions in the fight against HIV/AIDS. «I believe in a society where «zero» new HIV infections; zero discrimination; zero — AIDS-related deaths. This new vision. This is our commitment and our goal. A few years ago we could only dream of, but today we know that can achieve this», — said the Director of the joint UN programme on HIV/AIDS Michel sidibé.