Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan declared victory in a referendum on constitutional reform, providing for the introduction of presidential rule. Opposition claims of fraud.
After calculation of the 99.98% of the votes, the gap between supporters and opponents of the constitutional reform is only 1.5%. The reform voted 51,21% of voters, against 48, 79% of voters.
Against Erdogan voted capital — Ankara, largest city Istanbul province, located on the Aegean coast, including the third city of Turkey, Izmir and the Turkish Kurdistan.
It should be noted that Erdogan was first elected in Istanbul – with the election of the mayor of this city he began his political career. A week before the referendum he has spoken to millions of his supporters.
Recall that the Package of amendments to 18 articles of the Turkish Constitution implies that the President becomes the head of the state system, he will be endowed with the power to appoint Vice-presidents, Ministers and senior officials.
The Prime Minister will be abolished. Decisions on the establishment, dissolution, powers, responsibilities and structure of the ministries will be determined in accordance with the decrees of the President. Right on the Declaration of state of emergency will be received by the President, approve the decision of the President on the state of emergency will be Parliament.
The head of state will be able to publish and the other having the force of law decrees, which will enter into force without the prior approval of Parliament, but they can be canceled if lawmakers in the future they will reject.
The President will not be able to leave the ranks of his political party, as provided for in the current Constitution. Increasing the number of MPs – c 550 to 600. The age limit for candidates for elective posts be reduced from 25 to 18. Canceled the practice of re-election, introduced the system of «spare» members.
Decision on repeat elections can be taken as the Parliament and the President. Elections to the legislative and Executive authorities will be carried out in one day. Parliament and President are elected for five years, the head of state can hold office for not more than two consecutive terms.
Proposed by Erdogan’s reforms mean giving up a significant part of the Republican values associated with the name of the father of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. To hold them to the head of state will have the country split almost in half.