International human rights organization Amnesty International published a report on the consequences of the Russian military operation in Syria. This report is quoted by many Western media, particularly American TV channel CNN.
The report provides data on the Russian military violations of international law and argues that as a result of the strikes of Russian aviation in Syria has killed hundreds of civilians and destroyed many residential neighborhoods.
The Russian military launched an operation into Syria on 30 September 2015. This is the first large-scale military operation in post-Soviet Russia outside the territory of the former USSR. In General, there are the aerospace forces of the Russian Federation (RSF): the military planes and helicopters are based at the airport «Hamim» (near Latakia, in Western Syria). The operation also involved the Russia-based strategic aircraft long-range aviation of the Russian Federation. Russian state media reported about attacks against targets with cruise missiles from ships of the Caspian flotilla and black sea fleet.
According to statements of the Russian authorities, the aim of surgery is to combat terrorist groups «Islamic state» and «Dzhabhat EN-Nusra» (associated with «al-Qaeda»). Western countries claim that the Russian military act against all militant groups in Syria opposed to the Assad regime. The Western media has repeatedly cited reports Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and other monitoring groups, which said the deaths of civilians due to Russian attacks in Syria.
In the report Amnesty International collected information on six air strikes, attributed to the Russian aviation, in HOMS, Idlib and Aleppo, held in September and November of this year. As a result of these attacks killed at least 200 civilians and 10 to 20 fighters of the rebel groups (not IG and not «Dzhabhat EN-Nusra»), it is stated in the document. It is also reported about two cases, when the attacks of the Russian air force was damaged mosque and field hospital.
CNN leads the assessment that Russian military aircraft and helicopters applied to 80 beats a day in Syria. It is noted that Western analysts doubt the serious planning and precision attacks of this kind. In particular, the opinion editor of Jane’s Defense Peter Felstead that the Russian operation «effective,» but is typical for the Russian «hammer method». In the same piece quoted the comment of the editor of the website the Aviationist David Cincotti marking the use of Russian military in Syria shrapnel bomb cassettes RBK-500, with high accuracy.
In the material given to CNN and the comments of the chief of the Main operations Directorate of the General staff of the Russian armed forces, Colonel-General Andrei Kartapolov that speaks about efficiency of actions of the Russian military in Syria. It is noted that Moscow claims careful planning of operations using unmanned surveillance aircraft and satellites.
But Amnesty International, referring to the testimony of survivor witnesses, accused the Russian military is that they often incorrectly identify targets for the attacks resulted in the deaths of civilians. The organization requires an independent international investigation of war crimes of the Russian military in Syria.
Specifically, AI claims that on 7 October (when, according to the defense Ministry, the objects of the IG in Syria were fired cruise missiles from ships in the Caspian sea) in Darat ize (near Aleppo) as a result of powerful explosion the rocket was destroyed about 10 houses, killing five civilians. AI does not exclude that it was a Russian cruise missile. Locals say the explosion «like an earthquake» very different from the usual explosions of bombs.
The Kremlin has not yet commented on the report released by AI.