The concept of screening, i.e. detection of a disease in people who consider themselves healthy, through the use of surveys, tests, and a quick survey appeared in the health care system a relatively long time, in the early forties of the last century. So, one of the first screenings was the chest x-rays conducted in order to identify tuberculosis patients. Since then, screening has become an effective tool in the prevention of many diseases. In 1971, British doctors have compiled a list of the main criteria of a «perfect screening», which are relevant to this day: the test should be simple and accurate and all questions are understandable and acceptable for each patient.
However, forty years ago, nobody could assume, that the conduct screenings, with the survey identifying a disease or condition, previous illness, can artificial intelligence. Active research in this area is conducted in many countries today.
Israeli hospital Call4Life («Calpoly»), which provides remote medical services to patients anywhere in the world, has developed a series of screenings under the title «taking Care of tomorrow», each of which is focused on a specific disease or group of diseases. Among them – screening for the definition of the oncological and cardio risk screening, allowing to establish the causes of excess weight, screenings, focused on gender issues related to health, etc.
The screening test offered Call4Life is, in fact, the most democratic and public of the types of dispanserization in which the patient is at home, at the computer, and completes a questionnaire that is designed to ensure early and accurate detection of diseases. In particular, a screening test that can identify diseases caused by obesity, is composed of therapists and nutritionists clinics Call4Life in accordance with the recommendations of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality»s USA and the European Association of nutritionists and gastroenterologists, and a test to determine ecorisk created based on the experience of colleagues from the U. S. Preventive Service Task Force.
For a survey should interview the patient with the medical artificial intelligence (Machine Intelligence Medical, MMI). The creation of the «electronic doctor» clinic Call4Life attracted mathematicians and programmers whose task was to develop medical self-learning artificial intelligence based on statistics. MMI essentially works the same as a doctor collects the medical history of the patient during the initial consultation: identify problems by asking a variety of questions and paying particular attention to the markers indicating significant symptoms.
«If you come to the doctor with a runny nose, he is unlikely to ask you if there is you have shortness of breath on the way to his office – usually the doctor just don’t have time to examine the patient in as much detail. He seeks to focus on the main complaint. Moreover, the patient always finds it necessary to devote to the doctor all the details of his fortune – said the chief doctor of the clinic Call4Life Andrew Kukui. – Artificial intelligence by asking the patient questions, do not forget and will not miss that not only virtually eliminates the possibility of «medical error» at this stage, but also reveals hidden symptoms».
Summarizing the results of a screening test and consultation, «electronic doctor» will give a patient an individual advice on conducting the necessary research at the place of residence.
Doctors say that the body of each adult after forty years of experiencing the influence of many adverse factors affecting the health from environmental exposure to stress and genetic disorders. However, most of the signal sent by the body, the same adult people tend to ignore because they don’t have a reason to «complain» to a doctor. To share his concerns with the «electronic doctor» in the screening mode it is psychologically easier. Besides, the remote screening saves time – no need to go anywhere, no need to call anyone and sit in the queue and answer the questions casually, spending no more than an hour. It should be remembered that a medical examination, albeit remote, should be held regularly, once in six months or a year.
Published in the framework of the information partnership