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Died the famous physicist Stephen Hawking

On the morning of Wednesday, March 14, it became known about the death of world-famous British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking. About the BBC reported with reference to the representative of the family.

Hawking died at his home in Cambridge, aged 76 years.

— Stephen Hawking. Photo gallery

Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, UK. When Hawking was eight years old, his family moved to St Albans, 20 miles North of London. He entered University College, Oxford, where he studied and his father. Stephen, unlike his father, wanted to study mathematics, not medicine, but the University College to obtain a purely mathematical education was impossible, and he began to study physics. Three years later, Hawking received his first degree in the natural Sciences.

For many decades, the scientist suffered from an incurable disease – amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also called Lou Gehrig’s disease), in which motor neurons progressively die, and man becomes more helpless. In thirty years he could not walk and was confined to a wheelchair.

In 1985, Stephen Hawking caught pneumonia. He had a series of operations and removed the trachea, with the result that he lost the gift of speech.

Hawking communicate with the world using a special computer synthesizes human speech. Some mobility was retained, only the index finger on his right hand with which he ruled the computer.

Hawking worked at the faculty of applied mathematics and theoretical physics at Cambridge University, where he studied the motion of the Universe. In the early 70-ies of the Hawking started analyzing the events surrounding the birth of the world.

The main research area of the Hawking – cosmology and quantum gravity. His main achievements – application of thermodynamics to the description of black holes and the theory that black holes «evaporate» because of a phenomenon called «Hawking radiation».

Despite serious illness, Hawking has led an active life. So, in January 2007 he took flight in zero gravity on a special plane.

In addition, Hawking made several appearances in the animated series «the Simpsons», «family Guy» and «Futurama,» where he voiced himself, and in the TV series «Star trek: the next generation».

In British politics, Stephen Hawking has been a long-standing supporter of the labour party. In March 1968 he, along with the Trotskyists, writer Tariq Ali and actress Vanessa Redgrave, participated in the March against the war in Vietnam. He supported nuclear disarmament, universal health care and the fight against climate change; the war in Iraq in 2003 called «war crime». In 2013, Hawking refused to participate in the presidential conference in Israel, according to different versions, it was the refusal for political reasons or because of illness.

Despite serious illness, Stephen Hawking was married twice, from his first marriage he had three children.

In 2015, Hawking said that will resort to euthanasia if you feel a burden. People with a diagnosis is very rarely live up to 75 years.

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Died the famous physicist Stephen Hawking 14.03.2018

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