The administration of the Ukrainian city of Lutsk announced the renaming of several streets in the framework of the law on decommunization. One of the streets was named after Russian human rights activist Valeria Novodvorskaya.
In it was named after the former street Wanda Wasilewska. In addition, there were also renamed Volodarsky’s street – Danylo Shumuk, Vaclav Vorovsky – Paul Padewskiego, Furmanova – Oleksy in Almazov, smartly – Yevhen sverstyuk, Korotchenko – Mikola kudelya, Makarevich – Rostislav Voloshin, as well as a few streets.
We will remind, on may 19 in the framework of the Council of the city of Dnepropetrovsk was renamed into the Dnieper.
The human rights defender, social and political activist Valeria Novodvorskaya died in Moscow on July 12, 2014, on 65-m to year of life.
Valeria Novodvorskaya. Brief biography
Valeria Novodvorskaya was born on 17 may 1950 in the city of Baranovichi (Belarus). At the age of 9 he moved to Moscow, where he graduated from school with silver medal.
He studied at the Moscow Institute of foreign languages named after Maurice Thorez (French Department) in the specialty «translator and educator». He organized an underground student group, which discussed the need to overthrow the Communist regime.
5 December 1969 in the Kremlin Palace of congresses Valeria Novodvorskaya distributed leaflets with anti-Soviet poem of his own composition «Thank you for the party, you!» He was arrested by the KGB on charges of anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda (article 70 of the criminal code of the RSFSR) for distributing leaflets criticizing the deployment of troops «of the Warsaw Pact in Czechoslovakia. She was placed in a solitary cell of the Lefortovo prison.
In the summer of 1970 Novodvorskaya was transferred to Kazan. From June 1970 to February 1972 he was on compulsory treatment in a special psychiatric hospital in Kazan with a diagnosis of «sluggish schizophrenia, paranoid development of personality».
Was released in February 1972 and was engaged in the printing and dissemination of samizdat. From 1973 to 1975 he worked as a teacher in a children’s sanatorium. From 1975 to 1990, was a translator of medical literature 2-nd Moscow medical Institute.
In 1977 he graduated from the evening faculty of foreign languages of the Moscow regional pedagogical Institute named after Krupskaya.
From 1977 to 1978, attempted to create an underground political party to fight the CPSU. 28 Oct 1978 became one of the founders of the «Free interprofessional Association of workers». Was subjected to repeated and systematic persecution of the authorities: placed in psychiatric hospitals, were systematically summoned for questioning in relation to members of SMOT, her apartment was searched.
In 1978, 1985, 1986 Novodvorskaya was tried for dissident activities. From 1984 to 1986 she was close to members of the pacifist group «Trust». Was the author of the letter demanding the right to return to the Soviet Union of Alexander Solzhenitsyn addressed to the leadership of the KGB.
From 1987 to may 1991 organized unsanctioned anti-Soviet rallies and demonstrations in Moscow, which had been detained by police and subjected to administrative arrest, a total of 17 times. During the arrest always held a hunger strike.
In 1988 he became one of the participants in the creation of the party «Democratic Union» (DS), the first alternative CPSU party in the Soviet Union. Since 1988, regularly acted in an illegal newspaper of the Moscow organization DS «Free speech».
In 1990 was baptized. Belonged to the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, speaking with a sharp criticism of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Fluent in English and French. Read in German, Italian, understand the Belarusian language.
July 12, 2014 Valeria Novodvorskaya was hospitalized in reanimation of office of purulent surgery of GKB No. 13. Died July 12, 2014 at the age of 64.