The results of counting three-fourths of the votes in the historic referendum, which was undertaken to strengthen the rule of President Recep Taip Erdogan and his party, indicate that the population supports the leader.
For reforms that extend the powers of the presidency voted about 54% of the citizens of the country, against about 46%, but these results may change with calculation of 100% of the ballots, writes 16 April, the news service of the BBC.
In the case of a positive response to the questions posed in the referendum, Erdogan will remain in power until 2029. The opposition claims that the vote was seen a lot of ballot box stuffing and fraud in favor of the President.
Just in the vote was attended by 55 million people who dropped in the ballot box on 167.000 polling stations. As a result of armed conflict outside a polling station in Diyarbakir province, located in the South-East of the country, killing three people.
A package of amendments to 18 articles of the Turkish Constitution implies that the President becomes the head of the state system, he will be endowed with the power to appoint Vice-presidents, Ministers and senior officials. The Prime Minister will be abolished. Decisions on the establishment, dissolution, powers, responsibilities and structure of the ministries will be determined in accordance with the decrees of the President. Right on the Declaration of state of emergency will be received by the President, approve the decision of the President on the state of emergency will be Parliament. The head of state will be able to publish and the other having the force of law decrees, which will enter into force without the prior approval of Parliament, but they can be canceled if lawmakers in the future they will reject.
The President will not be able to leave the ranks of his political party, as provided for in the current Constitution. Increasing the number of MPs – c 550 to 600. The age limit for candidates for elective posts be reduced from 25 to 18. Canceled the practice of re-election, introduced the system of «spare» members. Decision on repeat elections can be taken as the Parliament and the President. Elections to the legislative and Executive authorities will be carried out in one day. Parliament and President are elected for five years, the head of state can hold office for not more than two consecutive terms.
Erdogan on the eve of the referendum said that the vote for the extension of its powers in the referendum will be the best answer «fascist and violent» Europe, which the President of Turkey in recent weeks fiercely criticizes the nationalist and religious positions, recalls the site NEWSru.com.
Among the major initiatives of the President – the return of the death penalty as the highest punishment. In the EU, stated that Turkey will have to forget about EU membership after the approval of such a law.
Many political analysts say that, whatever the results of the referendum in Turkey, the referendum is fraught with aggravation of the political confrontation in the country.