At the end of November and in early December a high-ranking Russian and Iranian officials have stated that Russia has already begun delivery to Iran antiaircraft rocket complexes With-300. However, judging by today’s TASS, these deliveries will begin only in January-February next year.
— Rocket complexes With-300 in Russian forests. The results of photo hunting
A source in the system of military-technical cooperation told TASS: «the Process of delivery of the first regiment of s-300PMU-2 is scheduled to begin in January and finish in February next year. The second regiment of these systems Iran should get in August-September 2016. Thus, Russia will fulfill its obligations for the supply of s-300PMU-2 to Iran.»
In one set includes the command post regiment and two divisions with four launchers each. The cost of the two regimental sets of s-300PMU-2 will amount to more than $1 billion.
TASS also reported: «About 80 Iranian military specialists in January of 2016 will begin to receive training on the operation of s-300PMU-2 in the training centers of the Academy named after Mozhaisky. Duration will be about four months. This is included in the contract. At the end of training the Iranians, supposedly in may, will return home».
The source also noted that in September of this year, Iran and Russia signed an additional agreement to the contract on With-300. «At the Kapustin Yar was immediately sent the first batch of contracted s-300PMU-2 – one regimental kit. Currently these systems are complete there tests to confirm the declared technical characteristics. Then they will go to the port of shipment on the Russian part of the Caspian sea, where sea transport will be delivered to Iran», – said the interlocutor of the TASS.
Recall that on 9 November, the General Director of state Corporation «rostec» Sergey Chemezov at the international air show «Dubai Airshow-2015» stated that Russia has signed with Iran the contract on delivery of s-300, noting that the contract came into force upon signature. 12 November it became known that Iran will receive from Russia a loan of 5 billion dollars from the budget and $ 2 billion from VEB.
A month ago, on November 25, the assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on military-technical cooperation Vladimir Kozhin has informed on the beginning of deliveries to Iran With-300, noting that we are talking about several divisions. Then about the beginning of deliveries With-300 was declared by the Ambassador of Iran in Moscow Mehdi Sanai. In early December, the newly Kozhin told reporters that the supply has already begun. But, according to TASS, these statements were untrue.
April 13, 2015 the Russian President Vladimir Putin has lifted a ban on selling Iran s-300, signed by his predecessor Dmitry Medvedev after the decision of the UN security Council embargo on arms deliveries to Iran. The Russian government explained its decision with the progress made in the negotiations on the fate of Iran’s nuclear program, stressing that the UN embargo did not apply to defensive weapons, which include the s-300 systems.
The deal about Russia supplying Iran with five battalions of s-300 (back then it was about s-300PMU-1, consisting of 40 launchers) was agreed in 2007. The contract amount was estimated at $ 800 million. According to media reports, Tehran is fully paid for s-300, but the complexes have not received. Moscow was forced to return the money, and Tehran threatened to appeal to the court demanding payment of a fine in the amount of $ 2 billion.
In June 2010 the UNSC adopted resolution 1929, imposing restrictions on the supply to Iran of conventional weapons including missiles and missile systems, tanks, attack helicopters, combat aircraft, ships. On 22 September 2010 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree prohibiting the enforcement of UN security Council resolution delivery to Iran ZRK With-300, as well as material resources associated with them, including spares. The foreign Ministry of the Russian Federation stated that the resolution 1929 is not obliged Russia to take such a step, since the C-300 belongs to defensive weapons. Now this ban has been removed by the decree of Putin. It is possible that after the execution of the contract in 2007, Iran will buy an additional s-300 or other advanced air defense systems and missile defense in Russia.
It is known that the Americans had bought s-300 from Belarus for the development of the counter-air force this SAM. The Israeli air force held joint exercises with the armies of Cyprus and Greece – two Greek s-300PMU1 (exactly the same needs to obtain Iran) currently located on the island of Crete (the last such exercise was held in April of 2015), and with the army of Turkey (until 2011), the arms of which are Chinese analogues of s-300.
There is reason to believe that Russia has delivered s-300 Syria (such information have been published in the Arab media). It is known that the Syrian air defense is equipped and other Russian systems, but this did not prevent the application of air strikes on military installations in Syria without any losses to air force, which carried out these attacks (Damascus and foreign media claim that these were attacks by the Israeli air force). Recently, the Russian military has been put on alert in Syria the s-400, but Moscow says it does not intend to convey this complex Damascus.
Anti-aircraft missile system s-300. Help
S-300 is an air defense missile system medium range (up to 100 km), can simultaneously track up to 100 and hit up to 12 targets. System s-300 was adopted by the USSR in 1979. Intended for defence of large industrial and administrative objects, military bases and points of management against blows of means air-a space attack of the opponent. Capable of destroying ballistic missile targets. The development of the s-300 systems was the creation of the s-400 passed into service in 2004.
System s-300 has a large number of modifications with different missiles, radars, protection against electronic warfare, longer range and the ability to deal with ballistic short-range missiles or targets flying at low altitude.