American meteorological society (AMS) published a report on the status of the global climate of the Earth in 2016, which implies that 2016 was the warmest on record, according to NEWSru.com.
«Twenty-seventh annual report on the state of the climate is confirmed that 2016 has surpassed the 2015 and was the warmest year in over 137 years of observation», – stated in the message from August 10, dedicated to the publication of the report on the website of the National oceanic and atmospheric administration (NOAA).
It is reported that the report is based on data scientists from around the world (more than 450 scientists from almost 60 countries). It shows that most of the indicators of climate change continued to follow the trends of a warming world. Some of them, including the surface temperature of land and ocean, sea level and concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, broke the record set just a year earlier.
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«Record warmth last year was the result of the combined effect of long-term global warming and the strong impact of the El niño phenomenon (a phenomenon that represents the temperature variations of the surface water layer in the Equatorial Pacific ocean) at the beginning of the year,» the report says.
According to scientists, the General global surface temperature of land and ocean in 2016, continued to break records for the third year in a row. The temperature rose by 0.45-0.56 degrees compared to the average indicator recorded in the period from 1981 to 2010.
In addition, the average surface temperature of the oceans has reached a record high, rising by 0.36-0.41 degrees compared to the average in the 1981-2010 years and surpassing the 2015 0.01-0.03 degrees.
The global sea level also rose to a record high. In total, this figure rose to 82 mm in 1993, when he began to record with the help of satellite technology.
An array of Arctic sea ice reached a record low. It decreased to its lowest level in 37 years that you are monitoring.
Along with this increase in tropical cyclones by comparison with the average index for the period from 1981 to 2010. In 2016 all ocean basins have recorded 93 tropical cyclone against average in 82 storm in the 1981-2010 years.
The concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide, in 2016, has also reached the maximum level. The average global concentration of CO2 in 2016 was $ 402,9 million shares (ppm), which is 3.5 ppm greater than it was in 2015. This is the highest annual growth recorded over the 58 years.
The global report was released a few days after the US officially informed about the country’s withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement. The President of the United States Donald trump considers it inconvenient for the businesses and taxpayers of the United States. According to him, by 2025, when the implementation of the provisions of the Treaty the US could lose 2.7 million jobs.
The Paris agreement was made in 2015. As of June 1, 2017 it was signed by 195 countries. Russia signed an agreement on 22 April 2016, but has not yet ratified it.
The agreement is intended to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thereby slow global warming. According to scientists, a significant temperature increase can lead to irreversible consequences for the environment.
USA – the second largest source of carbon emissions in the world after China. According to the database on the emissions of the European Commission, in 2015, the emissions of the country amounted to 5.1 million kilotons of carbon dioxide – that’s more than all 28 countries of the European Union combined.
According to the Paris agreement, by 2025 the U.S. were to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% compared with 2005 levels. With the country’s withdrawal from the Treaty to achieve its goals for curbing the temperature on the planet will be difficult, CNN reported.
However, a number of States to bypass the Federal government establish in recent years, tight control over emissions, which in scale, the United States has stabilized in the last 10 years, said RIA Novosti.