The Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation published the text of the Memorandum on the establishment of a de-escalation in Syria, signed on 4 may at the meeting in Astana by the representatives of Russia, Iran and Turkey.
The Memorandum identifies areas of de-escalation: they will be located in Idlib province and parts of neighboring provinces (Latakia, Aleppo and Hama), as well as in some areas in the Northern province of HOMS, the suburbs of Damascus, Eastern Guta, and certain areas in the South of Syria. The establishment of these zones is a temporary measure, the duration of which will be six months with automatic renewal on the basis of consensus of the parties, who acted as the guarantors of the truce (Russia, Turkey, Iran).
Inside «safe zones» prohibited any fighting between the conflicting parties, including airstrikes, and provide safe and unhindered humanitarian access. In areas of de-escalation, the conditions for providing the population with medical care, measures are taken to restore infrastructure and create conditions for the safe return of refugees and internally displaced persons.
To prevent incidents and clashes between the conflicting sides along the boundaries of the zones of de-escalation are created runway safety that include checkpoints and observation posts.
The guarantor countries of the armistice agree to take all necessary measures to ensure the implementation of the ceasefire by the warring parties.