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U.S. presidential election: the voting system and the candidates ‘ chances

On Tuesday, November 8, will host the 58th election of the President of the United States of America. The main contenders are: Hillary Clinton (Democratic party) and Donald trump (Republican party).

Other candidates – Gary Johnson (libertarian party), Jill Stein (green Party) and others – have no real chance to win.

To win elections a candidate must receive at least 270 electoral votes because the electoral College determines the winner, consists of 538 people. The number of electors from each state equals the number of its representatives in the U.S. Congress. D.C., which is not represented in Congress, the presidential election has three electors. The largest number of electors – 55 – accounts for the most populous state – California.

The number of electors by state: Idaho – 4, Iowa – 6 Alabama – 9, Alaska – 3, Arizona – 11, Arkansas – 6, Wyoming 3, Washington 12, Vermont – 3, Virginia – 13 Wisconsin – 10, Hawaii – 4, Delaware 3, Georgia – 16, WV – 5, Illinois – 20, Indiana – 11, CA – 55, KS – 6, ky – 8, Colorado – 9, Connecticut – 7, La – 8, MA – 11, Minnesota – 10, Mississippi 6, Missouri 10, Michigan 16, MT – 3, Maine – 4, Maryland 10, Nebraska – 5 Nevada – 6, NJ – 14, NY – 29, Nm – 5, NH – 4, Ohio – 18 Oklahoma – 7 Oregon – 7 Pennsylvania – 20 Rhode Island – 4, North Carolina – 15 North Dakota – 3, Tennessee – 11, Texas – 38, DC – 3, Florida – 29, SD – 3, SC – 9, ut – 6.

In 48 States and the district of Columbia all the electoral votes of the state given to the candidate who gets a simple majority of votes. In Maine and Nebraska the electoral votes are distributed in proportion to the voting results.

Three times in U.S. history, the electoral College elected the President candidate, gaining fewer votes. So in 1876 he became President Rutherford Hayes, in 1888 – Benjamin Harrison, in 2000 – George Bush. All three of them ran for election from the Republican party.

If none of the candidates receives a majority of votes of the electoral College, the President of the three major candidates chosen by the House of representatives, with each state entitled to only one vote. If no majority receives none of the candidates for the post of Vice-President, the winner of the two main contenders picks the Senate. The house of representatives has twice decided the fate of presidential elections of 1800 and 1824. Prior to the appointment of the Vice-President by the Senate, it came only once, in 1836.

After the elections of 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012, candidates-Democrats consistently supported States: Washington, Vermont, Wisconsin, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Michigan, Maine, Maryland, new Jersey, new York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode island and the district of Columbia. Total: 242 electoral votes.

«Republican» in 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012 were States: Idaho, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Wyoming, Georgia, West Virginia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, North Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, South Dakota, South Carolina, Utah. Total: 179-180 electoral votes (in 2008 one vote from Nebraska, was received by the candidate is a Democrat).

Key States, the election results in which will name the winner, are: Florida, Ohio, Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, Missouri, Nevada and North Carolina.

According to polls, the ratings of Clinton and trump before the election are about equal, with a slight advantage in favor of the candidate of the Democratic party. Analysts estimate the chances of a Clinton victory is to be preferred.

The election results will be announced on 8 November (9 November in the morning at the time of Israel). However, the Board will elect a President and Vice-President of the United States only on December 19. On 6 January they approve the Congress. The inauguration of the President is planned for January 20, 2017.

According to the materials, Reuters and Wikipedia

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U.S. presidential election: the voting system and the candidates ‘ chances 08.11.2016

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