According to the United Nations, the terrorist group «Islamic state» systematically cracked down on residents of Mosul, who decided to leave the areas that became the arena of fights.
On 1 June, the jihadists shot and killed 163 people. The bodies of men, women and children lie in the streets of the urban area of ash-Shira as a reminder to the civilian population. It is also reported inhabitants missing.
Units of the Iraqi army, Shiite and Kurdish militia has been freed from Islamic state almost all areas of Mosul. ISIS controls the Old city turned into a fortress. 200.000 local inhabitants became a human shield.